Kyriakos Drivas (University of Pireaus), Sarantis Kalyvitis (AUEB), Margarita Katsimi (AUEB and CESIfo)
Abstract: We estimate the effect of euro adoption on prices using data on Greek exporters spanning over the period 1999-2007. The overall impact of the euro on the prices of exports was negligible, but it masks significant heterogeneity across firms with different levels of pre-euro productivity. Our benchmark estimates indicate that the prices set by initially high-productivity firms rose on average by 8.9%. Our evidence further shows that these firms also raised their markups after euro adoption, whereas less efficient firms lowered their markups.